How to Patch Small Areas

 

Remove loose material from the repair area using a wire brush. Use the brush to clean away rust from any exposed metal lath, and then apply a coat of metal primer to the lath.

Apply premixed stucco patch compound to the repair area, slightly overfilling the hole using a putty knife or trowel.

Smooth the repair with a putty knife or trowel, feathering the edges to blend into the surrounding surface. Use a whisk broom or trowel to duplicate the original texture. Let the patch dry for several days, and then touch it up with masonry paint.

Make a starter hole with a drill and masonry bit, and then use a masonry chisel and hammer to chip away stucco in the repair area. Cut self-furring metal lath to size and attach it to the sheathing using roofing nails. Overlap pieces by 2". If the patch extends to the base of the wall, attach a metal stop bead at the bottom. Note: Wear safety glasses and a particle mask or respirator when cutting stucco.

Apply a Vs’-thick layer of base coat stucco directly to the metal lath. Push the stucco into the mesh until it fills the gap between the mesh and the sheathing. Score horizontal grooves into the wet surface using a scratching tool. Let the stucco cure for up to two days, misting it with water every 2 to 4 hours.

 

Apply a second, smooth layer of stucco after the first coat has become sufficiently firm to hold the second coat without sagging. Buildup the stucco to within W of the original surface. Let the patch cure for up to two days, misting every 2 to 4 hours

Combine finish coat stucco mix with just enough water for the mixture to hold its shape. Dampen the patch area, and then apply the finish coat to match the original surface. Dampen the patch occasionally. Let it cure for 7 days before painting with acrylic or water-based paint and 28 days for oil-based.

A

typical residential-grade pressure washer can be as much as 50 times more powerful than a standard garden hose, while using up to 80 percent less water.

A pressure washer comprises an engine to generate power, a pump to force water supplied from a garden hose through a high-pressure hose, and a nozzle to accelerate the water stream leaving the system. This results in a high-pressure water jet ranging from 500 to 4,000 pounds per square inch (PSI).

A pressure washer’s cleaning power is noted in gallons per minute (GPM) to rinse away loosened dirt and grime from the area; a pressure washer with a higher GPM cleans faster than a lower-flow unit. For general cleaning around your outdoor home, a pressure washer around 2,500 PSI and 2.5 GPM is more than sufficient.

Pressure washing is quite simple: Firmly grasp the spray wand with both hands, depress the trigger, and move the nozzle across the surface to be cleaned. Although different surfaces require different spray patterns and pressure settings, it is not difficult to determine the appropriate cleaning approach for each project. The nozzle is adjustable—from a low-pressure, wide-fan spray for general cleaning and rinsing, to a narrow; intense stream for stubborn stains. But the easiest way to control the cleaning is to simply adjust the distance between the

Nozzle and the surface—move the nozzle back to reduce the pressure; move the nozzle closer to intensify’ it.

To successfully clean any masonry or stone surface using a pressure washer, follow these tips:

•  When cleaning a new surface, start in an incon­spicuous area, with a wide spray pattern and the nozzle four to five feet from the surface. Move closer to the surface until the desired effect is achieved.

•  Keep the nozzle in constant motion, spraying at a steady speed with long, even strokes to ensure consistent results.

•  Maintain a consistent distance between the nozzle and the cleaning surface.

•  When cleaning heavily soiled or stained surfaces, use cleaning detergents formulated for pressure washers. Always rinse the surface before applying the detergent. On vertical surfaces, apply detergent from bottom to top, and rinse from top to bottom. Always follow’ the detergent manufacturer’s directions.

•  After pressure w’ashing, always seal the surface with an appropriate surface sealer (e. g., concrete sealer for cement drivew’ays), following the product manufacturer’s instructions.

Pressure Washer Safety ►

•  Always wear eye protection.

•  Wear shoes, but not open-toed shoes.

•  Make sure the unit is on a stable surface and the cleaning area has adequate slopes and drainage to prevent puddles.

•  Assume a solid stance and firmly grasp the spray gun with both hands to avoid injury if the gun kicks back.

•  Always keep the high-pressure hose connected to both the pump and the spray gun while the system is pressurized.

• 
Never aim the nozzle at people or animals— the high-pressure stream of water can cause serious injury.

Always keep the nozzle in motion, spraying at a steady speed and using long, even strokes. Take multiple passes over heavily soiled areas. Take care not to dwell on one spot for too long, especially when using narrow, high-pressure spray patterns.

Hold the spray wand so that the nozzle distributes the spray pattern across the surface evenly. Holding the nozzle at too low an angle can cause an uneven spray pattern, resulting in "zebra striping." Also, maintain a consistent distance between the nozzle and the cleaning surface to ensure consistent results and help flush dirt and debris from the area.

 

Work in identifiable sections, such as the area between the expansion joints in concrete. If there is a slope, work downhill to promote drainage and help flush away dirt and debris. Wet entire surface to prevent streaking.

To prevent streaks on vertical surfaces, always begin pressure washing or applying cleaning detergent at the bottom of the surface, and then work upward. When rinsing, start at the top and work downward—gravity will help the clean water flush away dirt, debris, and detergent residue.

To Convert:

To:

Multiply by:

Inches

Millimeters

25.4

Inches

Centim

2.54

Feet

Meters

0.305

Yards

Meters

0.914

Miles

Kilometers

1.609

Square inches

Square centimeters

6.45

Square feet

Square meters

0.093

Square yards

Square meters

0.836

Cubic inches

Cubic centimeters

16.4

Cubic feet

Cubic meters

0.0283

Cubic yards

Cubic meters

0.765

Pints (U. S.)

Liters

0.473 (Imp. 0.568)

Quarts (U. S.)

Liters

0.946 (Imp. 1.136)

Gallons (U. S.)

Liters

3.785 (Imp. 4.546)

Ounces

Grams

28.4

Pounds

Kilograms

0.454

Tons

Metric tons

0.907

To Convert:  To:  Multiply  by:

Millimeters

Inches

0.039

Centime^ ;

Inches

0.39-.

Meteis

Feet

3.28

Meters

Yards

1.09

Kilometers

Miles

0.621

Square centimeters

Square inches

0.155

Square meters

Square feet

10.8

Square meters

Square yards

1.2

Cubic centimeters

Cubic inches

0.061

Cubic meters

Cubic feet

35.3

Cubic meters

Cubic yards

1.31

Liters

Pints (U. S.)

2.114 (Imp. 1.76)

Liters

Quarts (U. S.)

1.057 (Imp. 0.88)

Liters

Gallons (U. S.)

0.264 (Imp. 0.22)

Grams

Ounces

0.035

Kilograms

Pounds

2.2

Metric tons  Tons  1.1

1 x 2

% X 1W

19 x 38 mm

1 Quart

= 32 Fluid ounces = 2 Pints

1 X 3

3/S x 2’/2"

19 x 64 mm

1 Gallon

= 129 Fluid ounces =4 Quarts

1 x 4

‘//, x 3’//"

19 x 89 mm

1 x 5

% x 4 Vi

19 x 114 mm

Converting Temperatures

1 X 6

S/i x 5h"

19 x 140 mm

1 nniJAt’I

-nhrAnhAit 1 L\ tn /lAflfAAr 1 Amir /11 hi; rn nimn

/1 tkir rl

1 x 7

% X 6W"

19 x 159 mm

LUIIVCII ueyiees 1 UllieilllCII VI y IU UCyiCCS V. CI3IU3 uy lUIIUVVIliy IIII3 3llll|Jie

Formula: Subtract 32 from the Fahrenheit temperature reading. Ihen mulitply that

M. mUL. U Dvr 770c on /C /C w W. OCOr

1 x 8

% x Vh“

19 x 184 mm

1×10

YtxW

19 x 235 mm

IIUIIIUCI uy /V. 1 Ul CAUIIIJJIC, / / 1 — OZ. = J. J * n — LJ V..

1×12

3h x 11 VS"

19 x 286 mm

Lo convert degrees Celsius to degrees Fahrenheit, multiply the Celsius temperature

1W x 4

W

25 x 89 mm

Reading by %, then add 32. For example, 25°C x % = 45.45

+ 32 =

77°F.

LVix~6

1 x W

25 x 140 mm

1 ‘/i x 8

1 x m"

25 x 184 mm

ITaVironVioit — Polciiic

LWxlO

1 X w

25 x 235 mm

T/4 X 1 2

1 xll’/T

25 x 286 mm

1 ]h x 4

1 VS x 3V2"

32 x 89 mm

S’

1 Vl X 6

1 VS x 5 h"

32 x 140 mm

55° —

— 25°

1 ]h x 8

1 VS x Vh"

32 x 184 mm

50° —

— 20°

TV2 X 1 0

32 x 235 mm

45° —

— 15°

Vh X 12

LWxll’/,"

32 x 286 mm

40° —

— 10°

2×4

1 /1 X SVп"

38 x 89 mm

35° —

— 5°

2×6

1 Vi x 5 h"

38 x 140 mm

30° —

— 0°

2×8

1 ]h x Vhi

38 x 184 mm

25° —

—— 5°

2×10

1 Vi x 9 Vi

38 x 235 mm

20° —

—10°

2×12

1 /1 x 11 h"

38 x 286 mm

15° —

—15°

3×6

Dh x 5 Vi

64 x 140 mm

10° —

—20°

4×4

ZZi x 3V2"

89 x 89 mm

5° —

—25°

4×6

3 h x 5 h"

89 x 140 mm

O° —

—30°

Lumber

Nominal —

 

Dimensions

U. S. Actual — U. S.

Metric

CJ>

CJ>

| Resources

Anchor Wall Systems

877-295-5415

Www. anchorwall. com

Becker Architectural Concrete

651-554-0346

Www. beckerconcrete. com

Belgard Pavers

800-899-8455

Www. belgardpavers. com

Black & Decker

Portable power tools and more Www. blackanddecker. com

Cultured Stone Corporation

800-255-1727

Www. culturedstone. com

Estudio Arquй

+ 34-956-695-896 or + 34-690-656-675 email: Info@estudioarque. com Www. estudioarque. com

Kemiko Concrete Floor Stain

903-587-3708

Www. kemiko. com

NovaBrik

866-678-BRIK (2745) Www. novabrik. com

Quikrete

Cement and concrete products

800-282-5828

Www. quikrete. com

Red Wing Shoes Co.

Work shoes and boots shown throughout book

800-733-9464

Www. redwi ngshoes. com

Seattle Glass Block

425-483-9977

Www. seattleglassblock. com

Stanley Tools

800-262-2161

Www. stanleytools. com

U-Line

414-354-0300

Www. u-line. com

Photography Credits

Anchor Block

P. 9 (lower right)

Belgard

P. 9 (top right), 10 (lower left), 11 (lower), 12 (lower), 15 (top two)

Cultured Stone Corp.

P. 256

Derek Fell’s Horticultural Library

P. 9 (lower left)

Eldorado

P. 11 (top)

Tony Giammarino

P. 227 (lower)

Istock / Www. istockphoto. com

P. 8 (both), 170,211 (both), 234

Clive Nichols

P. 80 Hampton Court 2002 / Mercedes-benz. Designer: Jane Monney: Bright blue wall and raised bed planted with herbaceous plants Sculpture by John Brown

Novabrik

P. 262

Jerry Pavia

P. 6, 9 (top left), 15 (lower), 169,188, 206, 207 (lower two), 226,232

Photolibrary / Www. photolibrary. com

10 (lower middle) Andrew Lord, 10 (lower right), 12 (top), 13,14

Room & Board

P. 5 (top right), 244

Beth Singer

P. 250

/ l/’sourcus & Photo Credits 313

I Index

A

Acid-stained concrete patios, 242-243 Acrylic fortifiers, 22, 28 Aggregate finish for concrete, 35 Aggregate stone patio idea, 9 Air-entrained concrete, 33 Air voids, filling, 144 Anchor bolts, installing in epoxy for concrete piers, 45 Archways, building brick, 156-159 Arroyos, constructing about, 194 plan for, 195 step-by-step, 195-197 Ashlar about, 175 for firepits, 198 as risers for flagstone garden steps, 211 Ashlar construction, described, 181

B

Bagged concrete mix, 22,27,95 Bankers, 176 Batter gauges, using, 181 Birdbaths, cast concrete, 95 Black dirt, about, 171 Bleed water about, 33

Workability of concrete and, 19 Block projects concrete blocks, cutting, 117 estimating amount needed, 112 laying technique, 124-127 planning, 112-113 reinforcing, 114 Blocks, types of, 110 Bowls, cast concrete, 95 Braces, securing on concrete slabs, 83

Brick archways, building, 156-159 Brick barbecues, building, 146-149 Brick moon windows, building, 214-217 Brick patios, building mortared, 164-167 Brick pavers, about, 219 Brick pillars, building, 152-155 Brick planters, building, 150-151 Brick projects double layering technique, 120-123 estimating amount needed, 112

Mortar, mixing and placing, 118-119 planning, 112-113 practice runs, 115 reinforcing, 114

Single laying technique, 124-127 Brick repairs about, 298 chimney caps, 302 chimney caps, casting and installing replacement, 303 damaged, replacing, 300-301 deteriorated mortar joints, replacing, 299 mortar blending, 298 Bricks angle cutting, 115,116 pressure-washing, 310-311 scoring 8< cutting, 115,116,117 types of, 110

Water absorption rate test, 115 Brick splitters, using, 117 Brick veneer column idea, 11 Brick veneer walls about, 160 anatomy of, 160 installing, 161-163 Broomed finish for concrete, 34 Brown coat (stucco), 251 Building codes arroyosand, 194 firepits and, 198 footings and, 44,46 outdoor kitchens and, 139 steps and, 56 Buttering, 120

C

Cantilever walls, 87 Cap pieces, 127 Capstones for pillars, 155 for walls, 149 Cast concrete forms for, making, 94-95 forms for, prefabricated, 96 garden columns, building, 96-97 ideas for, 10,12,94,95 patio tabletops, building, 98-99 reinforcing large objects, 95 Cast concrete kitchen countertops, building about, 100 planning, 101

Step-by-step, 102-107 Cast veneer stone, installing, 260-261 cement for concrete repairs, 284 surface bonding for stucco finish look, 130,131 Chimney caps, repairing 8< replacing, 303

Chisels, choosing, 177 Circular paver patios, building, 225 Circular saws, cutting stone with, 177

Clay tile patio idea, 13 Cobblestone, about, 175,219 Cobblestone patio idea, 10 Cobblestone paver patios, building about, 219

Cross section of design, 220 curved, 224-225 design layout detail, 220,223 idea for, 218 step-by-step, 221-224 Color

Acid-staining, 242-243 blending mortar for brick repairs,

298

Consistency in concrete, 85, 292 for mortar, 119 painting concrete, 249 pretinted concrete, 92 stucco, 252 Columns brick veneer idea for, 11 building brick, 152-155 cast concrete, building, 96-97 Compactable gravel, 171 Concrete applying stamped finishes, 240-241 blocks, cutting, 117 coloring by acid-staining, 242-243 color 8< texture consistency in, 85 components of, 19 costs, 27 coverage, 25 curing 8< finishing, 34-35 delivery, steps before, 26 estimating amount needed, 25, 101

Materials for, 22-23 materials for kitchen countertops, 101

Mixing, 28-29 ordering, 26

Placing, 30-33 posts, setting in, 42-43 sealing, 96 slippery, 28 tools for, 20-21 workability indications, 19 Concrete and weather bleed water, 33 day of pour and, 26 drainage and, 87 frost heave and slabs, 68 frost line and footings, 36,44,46, 62

Frost line and isolation boards, 58 Concrete block outdoor kitchens about, 138 building, 140-145 construction details, 139 planning, 139 Concrete block projects blocks, cutting, 117 estimating amount needed, 112 laying technique, 124-127 planning, 112-113 reinforcing, 114 Concrete block retaining walls building, 134-136 building with curve, 137 idea for, 132 Concrete block walls, building dry, 130-131 Concrete, cast forms for, making, 94-95 forms for, prefabricated, 96 garden columns, building, 96-97 ideas for, 10,12,94,95 patio tabletops, building, 98-99 reinforcing large objects, 95 Concrete floors, decorative about, 244 painting, 249

Sealing concrete, 245-247 staining, 248 Concrete patios acid-staining, 242-243 idea for, 9 Concrete paver patios, building about, 219

Cross section of design, 220 curved, 224-225 design layout detail, 220,223 idea for, 218 step-by-step, 221-224 Concrete piers anchor bolts, installing in epoxy, 45

Pouring, 44-45 Concrete, poured decorative floors, 244-249 footings for freestanding walls, 46-49 idea for, 10 J-bolts and, 44,68 for outdoor kitchen countertops, 143-144 piers, 44-45 Concrete, poured paths about, 50 building, 52-55 reinforcing options, 51 sloping options, 51 Concrete, poured patios next to house, 76 Concrete, poured retaining walls about, 87-88 building, 89-93 ideas for, 18,86 types of, 87 Concrete, poured round patios about, 72-73 building, 75-79 curves, forming, 73 foundational elements, 74 Concrete, poured walls about, 80 building, 84-85 on concrete slabs, 83 forms for, 41,80,81-82 Concrete projects forms, building 8< installing, 40-41, 80, 81-82 planning 8< preparation for, 19,24 site, laying out 8< excavating, 38-39

Site preparation for, 36-37 steps before delivery, 26 Concrete, repairing about, 284

Corners, patching, 294 cracks, patching, 286-287 large holes, patching, 285 shaped concrete, 296 slab renewal, 290-293 small holes, patching, 284 wet walls, 288 Concrete, shaped, 296 Concrete slabs amount needed for varied thicknesses and surface areas, 25

Renewing, 290-293

Concrete slabs, poured concrete acid-staining, 242-243 building, 68-71 renewing, 290-293 Concrete slabs, tiling about, 268 control joints, 270 materials needed, 269 step-by-step, 271-275 surface evaluation, 270 tile options, 269 tools needed, 269 Concrete steps building, 58-61 designing, 56-57 forms for, 41

Idea with flagstone for, 207 repairing, 294-295 Concrete steps, freestanding about, 62-63 building, 64-67 Concrete steps, tiling about, 276

Step-by-step, 277-281 Corners, patching concrete, 294 Counterfort walls, 87 Countertops, building cast concrete kitchen about, 100 planning, 101 step-by-step, 102-107 Cracks, patching concrete, 286-287 Crushed limestone, 171 Crushed quartz, 171 Crushed rock, 171 Curb walls, 87

Curves, building forms for, 41,73 Cutting zones, 176

Decorative columns/pillars brick veneer idea for, 11 building brick, 152-155 cast concrete, building, 96-97 Decorative concrete floors about, 244 painting, 249

Sealing concrete, 245-247 staining, 248 Double-wythe brick walls, described, 112

Drawings, scaled plan, 24-25

Dressing stone, 177

Dry block walls, building, 130-131

Dry-laid/dry-stacked masonry, about, 109

Dry stone walls building, 182-183 rebuilding section, 305 Dry streambeds, constructing about, 194 plan for, 195 step-by-step, 195-197

Entryway steps, freestanding concrete about, 62-63 building, 64-67 Exposed aggregate finish for concrete, 35 Exposed aggregate stone patio idea, 9

Epoxy for installing anchor bolts, 45

Fieldstone about, 175 cutting, 178 Finish coat (stucco), 251,252 Firepits, building stone, 198-201 Flagstone about, 175 cutting, 178 Flagstone garden steps, building cross section of design, 207 estimating amount of flagstone needed, 206 ideas for, 206,207,211 step-by-step, 208-210 Flagstone patios, building mortared, 202-205

Flagstone patios, building sandset choosing materials for, 227 construction details, 228 idea for, 226 plant choices for, 231 soils for, 231 step-by-step, 229-231 Floating footings, pouring, 147 Floors, decorative concrete about, 244 painting, 249 sealing and, 245-247 staining, 248 Footings frost line and, 36,44,46,62 poured concrete, for freestanding walls, 46-49 pouring floating, 147

Forms

For brick archways, 156,157 building, 40-41 for casting concrete, making, 94-95 for casting concrete, prefabricated, 96 for curves, 41,73 decorative elements, adding, 91 preparing, 19 for steps, 41

Steps completed before concrete delivery, 26 for walls, 41,80,81-82 Foundation walls, building, 128-129 Framed walls applying stucco finish, 254-255 preparation of, for stucco finish, 253

Freestanding concrete steps about, 62-63 building, 64-67 Frost heave and slabs, 68 Frost line footings and, 36,44,46,62 isolation boards and, 58

G

Garage foundations, building, 68-71 Garden columns brick, building, 152-155 cast concrete, building, 96-97 Garden steps, building flagstone cross section of design, 207 estimating amount of flagstone needed, 206 ideas for, 206,207,211 step-by-step, 208-210 Granite, 174 Gravel about, 171

Estimating amount needed, 25 for post holes, 43 sub-base for concrete projects, 37 Gravity walls, 87 Grills for outdoor kitchens, 139 Grout, applying on tiled surfaces,

275

H

Handrails, 211 Holes

In cement, patching large, 285 in cement, patching small, 284 in stucco, repairing, 308 Honeycombs, filling, 144

Inspections, 26

Interlocking block retaining walls building, 134-136 with curve, 137 idea for, 132 Interlocking concrete paver patios, building about, 219

Cross section of design, 220 curved, 224-225 design layout detail, 220,223 idea for, 218 step-by-step, 221-224 Isolation boards and frost line, 58 Isolation joints, importance of, 37

Japanese gardens, making, 234-236 J-bolts

Poured concrete piers and, 44 poured concrete slabs and, 68 Joints

Control, in concrete patios, 270 deteriorated mortar, replacing,

299

In dry stone walls, 180 isolation, 37

In mortared stone walls, 184 repointing mortar, in stone walls, 306

Kitchen countertops, building cast concrete about, 100 planning, 101 step-by-step, 102-107

Landscape steps, freestanding concrete about, 62-63 building, 64-67 Latex bonding agents, 22,28 Laying brick double layering, 120-123 single, 124-127 Limestone, 171,174 Liquid concrete products, 22

M

Masonry about, 109 mortar mixes, 110

Pressure-washing, 310-311 tools for, 111

Types of bricks and blocks, 110 See also Block projects; Entries beginning with Brick or Bricks Masonry anchors, 44 Masonry veneer, repairing, 297 Moon windows, building stone, 214-217 Mortar

Blending for brick repairs, 298 for concrete repairs, 284 mixes, 110

Mixing and placing, 118-119 paver compatibility, 164 removing, 187 for stone veneer, 258 for tuck-pointing, 119 types of, 146 Mortared brick patios, building, 164-167

Mortared flagstone patios, building, 202-205 Mortared stone walls building, 184-187 repairing, 306 replacing section, 307 Mortar joints replacing deteriorated, 299 repointing in stone walls, 306 Mortarless block walls, building, 130-131 Mortarless veneer brick siding, installing about, 262

Step-by-step, 263-267 Mortar mixes, 110

Natural stone about, 170

Choosing stone for projects, 174 cutting, 176-177 cutting fieldstone, 178 cutting with circular saw, 178 estimating amount needed, 170 hauling, 171 laying, 180-181 lifting 8< moving, 176 tools for, 172-173 types 8< forms Of, 171,174-175 Natural stone firepits, building, 198-201

Natural stone garden steps, building flagstone

Cross section of design, 207 estimating amount of flagstone needed, 206 ideas for, 206,207,211

Step-by-step, 208-210 Natural stone paths idea, 170 Natural stone patios, building sandset flagstone choosing materials for, 227 construction details, 228 idea for, 226 plant choices for, 231 soils for, 231 step-by-step, 229-231 Natural stone retaining walls, building about, 188

Cross sections of design, 189 step-by-step, 190-193 Natural stone retaining walls ideas, 8, 9,188 Natural stone walls dry stone, building, 182-183 mortared stone, building, 184-187

One-coat, fiberglass-reinforced coat (Stucco), 251,252 Outdoor kitchens about, 138 building, 140-145 construction details, 139 planning, 139

Paths, ideas for, 13,15,170,232 Paths, pebbled stepping stone, building, 232-233 Paths, poured concrete about, 50 building, 52-55 reinforcing options, 51 sloping options, 51 Patio ideas, 9,10,13,218,226 Patios, cobblestone paver, building about, 219

Cross section of design, 220 curved, 224-225 design layout detail, 220,223 idea for, 218 step-by-step, 221-224 Patios, concrete acid-staining, 242-243 control joints in, 270 idea for, 9 Patios, concrete slab, tiling about, 268 control joints, 270 materials needed, 269 step-by-step, 271-275 surface evaluation, 270 tile options, 269

Tools needed, 269 Patios, mortared brick, building, 164-167

Patios, mortared flagstone, building, 202-205 Patios, poured concrete next to house, 76 Patios, round poured concrete about, 72-73 building, 75-79 curves, forming, 73 foundational elements, 74 Patios, sandset flagstone, building choosing materials for, 227 construction details, 228 idea for, 226 plant choices for, 231 soils for, 231 step-by-step, 229-231 Patio tabletops, building cast concrete, 98-99 Paver cobblestone patios, building about, 219

Cross section of design, 220 curved, 224-225 design layout detail, 220,223 idea for, 218 step-by-step, 221-224 Pavers about, 219

Building patios with, 164-167 and weather, 164 Pea gravel, 171

Pebbled stepping stone paths, building, 232-233 Permits, 24,26 Pillars brick veneer idea for, 11 building brick, 152-155 cast concrete, building, 96-97 Pitching chisels, 177 Plan drawings importance of, 24-25 for steps, 57 Planters building brick, 150-151 ideas for, 10,12 Plants for retaining walls, 193 for sandset flagstone patios, 231 Plywood for forms, 41 Pointing chisels, 177 Popped stones, repairing, 304 Posts, setting in concrete, 42-43 Poured concrete footings for freestanding walls, 46-49 idea for, 10 J-bolts and, 44,68

For outdoor kitchen countertops, 143-144

Poured concrete decorative floors about, 244 painting, 249

Sealing concrete, 245-247 staining, 248 Poured concrete paths about, 50 building, 52-55 reinforcing options, 51 sloping options, 51 Poured concrete retaining walls ideas for, 9,10,18,86 positioning options, 133 structural features, 133 Poured concrete slabs acid-staining, 242-243 building, 68-71 renewing, 290-293 Poured concrete walls about, 80 building, 84-85 on concrete slabs, 83 forms for, 41,80,81-82 Power mixers for concrete, using, 29 Prefabricated forms for casting concrete, 96 Premixed concrete advantages of, 26 costs of, 27 Pressure-washing masonry, 310-311

R

Railings, installing, 61 Rain gardens, described, 197 Readymix concrete advantages of, 26 costs of, 27 Rebar, tips for working with, 41 Refactory mortar, 146 Remesh, tips for working with, 41 Retaining walls ideas for, 8, 9,10,18, 86,132,188 planting, 193 positioning options, 133 structural features, 133 Retaining walls, building stone about, 188

Cross sections of design, 189 planting, 193 step-by-step, 190-193 Retaining walls, interlocking block building, 134-136 with curve, 137 idea, 132 Retaining walls, natural stone ideas for, 8,9,188

Retaining walls, poured concrete about, 87-88 building, 89-93 ideas for, 9,10,18,86 types of, 87 Retaining walls, terraced ideas for, 10,132 River rock, 171

Rock gardens, building, 212-213 Round patio tabletops, building cast concrete, 98-99 Rubble, 175

S

Safety tools and equipment, 21,173 Sand, about, 171 Sand casting, 95

Sandset flagstone patios, building choosing materials for, 227 construction details, 228 idea for, 226 plant choices for, 231 soils for, 231 step-by-step, 229-231 Sandsetting stones, about, 202 Sandstone, 174 Scaled plan drawings, 24-25 Scratch coat (stucco), 251 Semigravity walls, 87 Shaped concrete, repairing, 296 Shiners, 181

Siding, mortarless veneer brick, installing about, 262

Step-by-step, 263-267 Siding, veneer stone idea for, 11 Single-wythe block walls, described, 112

Single-wythe brick walls, described, 112

Slab-on-grade foundations, building, 68-71

Slabs for mortared brick patios, 164 Slabs, poured concrete acid-staining, 242-243 building, 68-71 renewing, 290-293 slate, 174

Slippery concrete, 28 Slopes ideas for, 8,9,10,132 measuring, 37

Poured concrete walkways for, 51 rock gardens for, 212-213 See also Retaining wall entries Soil for sandset flagstone patios, 231 Stacked stone walls idea, 9 Stairs, ideas for, 12,15

Stamped concrete finishes, applying, 240-241 Steppers, described, 227 Stepping stone paths building pebbled, 232-233 ideas for, 13,232 Steps handrails for, 211 ideas for, 8, 206, 207, 211 Steps, building flagstone garden cross section of design, 207 estimating amount of flagstone needed, 206 ideas for, 206,207,211 step-by-step, 208-210 Steps, concrete building, 58-61 designing, 56-57 forms for, 41 repairing, 294-295 Steps, freestanding concrete about, 62-63 building, 64-67 Steps, tiling concrete about, 276

Step-by-step, 277-281 Stone chisels, 177 stone firepits, building, 198-201 Stone garden steps, building flagstone

Cross section of design, 207 estimating amount of flagstone needed, 206 ideas for, 206,207,211 step-by-step, 208-210 Stone paths, building pebbled stepping, 232-233 Stone patios, building sandset flagstone

Choosing materials for, 227 construction details, 228 idea for, 226 plant choices for, 231 soil for, 231 step-by-step, 229-231 Stone retaining walls, building natural about, 188

Cross sections of design, 189 plants for, 193 step-by-step, 190-193 Stone retaining walls ideas, 8,9,188 Stone slab steps idea, 8 Stone veneer about, 256

Estimating amount needed, 256 walls, finishing with, 257-259 stone walls, dry, repairing, 304-305 Stone walls, mortared repairing, 306

Replacing section, 307 Stone walls, natural dry stone, building, 182-183 mortared stone, building, 184-187 Stonework, pressure-washing, 310-311 story poles, 39 stucco finish about, 9, 250 applying, 254-255 base coat calculator, 250 for outdoor kitchens, 145 preparation of framed walls for, 253

Surface bonding cement to look like, 130,131 texturing, 252 types of systems, 251 Stucco, repairing about, 308

Large areas, patching, 309 small areas, patching, 308

Tabletops, building round patio cast concrete, 98-99 Terracing ideas, 10,132 Texture consistency in concrete, 85 Three-coat stucco, about, 251 Throwing mortar

Practice bricks for, 115 technique for, 118-119 Tie stones, 181 Tiles

Cutting contours in, 273 grouting porous, 275 Tiles, installing on concrete slabs about, 268 control joints, 270 materials needed, 269 step-by-step, 271-275 surface evaluation, 270 tile options, 269 tools needed, 269 Tiles, installing on concrete steps about, 276

Step-by-step, 277-281 Tools

For concrete projects, 20-21 for masonry projects, 111 for natural stone, 172-173 for tile installations, 269 Trap rock, 171

Treads on steps, patching, 295 Tuck-pointing, mortar for, 119 Two-coat stucco, 251 Type M mortar, 182 Type N mortar, 146 Type S mortar, 146

U

Utilities and outdoor kitchens, 139 v

Veneer brick column idea, 11 Veneer brick siding, installing mortarless about, 262

Step-by-step, 263-267 Veneer brick walls about, 160 anatomy of, 160 installing, 161-163 Veneer, repairing masonry, 297 veneer stone about, 175

Cast, installing, 260-261 for siding, 11

W

Walkways. See Entries beginning with Paths Walls

Applying stucco finish, 254-255 concrete repairs for wet, 288 foundation, building, 128-129 with moon windows, 214-217 poured concrete footings for freestanding, 46-49 preparation of framed, for stucco finish, 253 See also Retaining walls Walls, block footings for, 47 Walls, brick double layering technique, 120-123 footings for, 47

Single laying technique, 124-127 Walls, brick veneer about, 160 anatomy of, 160 installing, 161-163 Walls, concrete block laying technique, 124-127 mortarless, building, 130-131 Walls, dry stone building, 182-183 idea for patio and, 227 rebuilding section, 305 Walls, mortared stone building, 184-187 repairing, 306 replacing section, 307 Walls, natural stone dry stone, building, 182-183 mortared stone, building, 184-187 Walls, poured concrete about, 80

Building, 84-85 on concrete slabs, 83 forms for, 41,80,81-82 Walls, stacked stone footings for, 47 idea for, 9 Water management brick water absorption rate test, 115

Drainage and concrete, 87 dry streambeds, constructing, 194-197 erosion 8< damage to dry-stone walls, 305 repairing wet walls and, 288 Weather and concrete bleed water, 33 day of pour and, 26 drainage and, 87 frost heave and slabs, 68 frost line and footings, 36,44,46, 62

Frost line and isolation boards, 58 Weather and pavers, 164 Wet walls, concrete repairs, 288 Wood forms, building, 40-41,47 Wood posts, setting in concrete, 42-43

Z

Zen garden rakes, making, 237 Zen gardens, making, 234-236

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